One mole is the mass numerically equal (in grams) to the relative molecular mass of a substance. It is the amount of substance of a system that contains as many elementary units (6.023 exp23) as there are atoms of carbon in 0.012 kg of the pure nuclide C12; the elementary unit must be specified and may be an atom, molecule, ion, electron, photon, or even a specified group of such units.

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